19th century binding

Conservation of a 19th century binding with badly damaged cover. Boards were completely detached and the remaining fragment of spine leather was fixed with metal nails (!) which seems to be one of those very peculiar ways to fix books in the past.


Vilnius University Library, Rare Books Department, document No. PD 471 (1/2).


Conservation by Ieva Rusteikaitė.


Note. Due to the fact that pictures were taken in different periods, there might be slight color differences in the photographs.


  • Dust
  • Great loss in the spine area
  • Previous repair
  • Completely loose boards
  • Defoliation of the boards
  • Broken cords
  • Deformation of the folded sheets with etchings
  • Tears and loss in the sheets

Treatment applied

  • Dry cleaning
  • Removement of the previous repair
  • Repair of the paper loss in the leaves and endpapers
  • Repair of the broken cords
  • Consolidation of the spine
  • Cover repair
  • Leather loss repair
  • Reattachment of the cover